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2008/6/11版

2008年度アフガニスタン事業インターン 塩見 正裕
2008年6月19日 更新

全般・政治情勢

6/12のパリ支援国会合[1]に向けて、6/4に準備会合を開催。UN・UNAMAは支援国間の協調をアピール[2]。

日本政府は、7月の主要国首脳会議(北海道洞爺湖サミット)も視野に入れつつ、自衛隊派遣検討のための調査団を派遣中[3]。

内戦・治安

パキスタン中央政府−北西辺境州タリバン間の和平交渉は継続中だが、やや暗雲の兆しも[4]。アフガニスタン−パキスタン間で国境管理に関し合意[5]。

アフガニスタン国内の武装勢力との対話路線については、米国の駐アフガニスタン大使が条件付きながらも支持とのコメント[6]。一方、カルザイ大統領は、少なくともあと10年は外国軍駐留が必要との見解[7]。

反政府武装勢力による攻撃は、引き続き後をたたず[8]。

難民・国内避難民

治安悪化の中、バロチスタンからの難民帰還も停滞気味(80%が即時帰還を希望せず)[9]。

民生・援助

6/12のパリ支援国会合に向けて、米国[10]・カナダ[11]・日本[12]など各国から支援表明。

FAOは降水不足による収穫減少をあらためて警告、農業分野への投資を提言[13]。

北部では食糧・水不足による国内避難民も[14]。WFPは米・NATO軍の作戦行動や洪水による内国避難民や、帰還難民に対し、緊急援助を実施中[15]。

ニュースソース

【全般・政治情勢に関する関連ニュース】

[1] Paris meeting should boost Afghan partnership, says UN envoy (UN NewsService: 2008/06/10)

[2] Afghanistan to forge "new deal" with international community in Paris(UNAMA: 2008/06/10)

PREVIEW-Conference seeks cash and progress for Afghanistan (REUTERS: 2008/06/10)

Team off to assess SDF Afghan role (Japan Times: 2008/06/10)

U.S. encourages Japan to send troops to Afghanistan (CBC News: 2008/06/10)

US Expresses Confidence in Karzai Ahead of Afghan Donor Meet (VOA: 2008/06/10)

NATO Meeting to Focus on Afghanistan, Missile Defense (VOA: 2008/06/10)

Paris Conference to Showcase Afghanistan’s Progress (US StateDepartment:2008/06/09)

政府、アフガンに調査団派遣…自衛隊活動も検討 (読売新聞: 2008/06/09)

First lady assures Karzai of continued US support (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/08)

Laura Bush, on Afghan visit, urges more support (REUTERS: 2008/06/08)

US First Lady Visits Afghanistan To Promote Aid Need (VOA: 2008/06/08)

Bush's former Iraq ambassador to seek Afghan presidency (The Independent: 2008/06/08)

[3] アフガンに政府調査団 政府 アフガン、スーダンに陸自部隊派遣検討 (産経新聞: 2008/06/07)

Bush, Dutch PM Discuss Military Cooperation in Afghanistan (VOA: 2008/06/05)

Afghan alliance calls for resolution of border spat (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/05)

【全般・政治情勢に関する参考レポート】

[1] International Conference in support of Afghanistan (Paris, 12th June 2008)

Afghanistan National Development Strategy

Country Strategy Paper - Islamic Republic of Afghanistan - 2007-2013 (European Commission)

Afghanistan: Post-War Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy

【内戦・治安に関する関連ニュース】

U.S.-led forces say kill 4 Afghan civilians in raid (REUTERS: 2008/06/11)

Coalition raid kills 13 Pak soldiers (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/11)

NATO soldier dies in northern Afghanistan (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/11)

Two guards injured, vehicles torched in Ghazni (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/11)

Cop, district chief injured in separate incidents (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/11)

Ten Pakistani soldiers killed on Afghan border (REUTERS: 2008/06/11)

NATO supply helicopter damaged by insurgent fire in Afghanistan (People's Daily: 2008/06/10)

Afghan police kill 2 insurgents (People's Daily: 2008/06/10)

Peace summit demands withdrawal of foreign troops (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/09)

Insurgent fire damages ISAF chopper in Kunar (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/09)

Coalition claims killing 20 militants in Paktia airstrike (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/09)

[4] Doubts cloud Pakistan Taliban truce (Al Jazeera: 2008/06/09)

[4] Center, province at loggerheads over Taliban deal (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/09)

[4] Pak govt scraps peace deal with Taliban (The Times of India: 2008/06/09)

[7] Afghan president says foreign forces needed for decade (REUTERS: 2008/06/09)

[7] Afghanistan needs another 10 years before flying solo: Karzai (AFP: 2008/06/09)

Two cops killed, vehicles damaged in attack (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/09)

Andar district chief survives militants' attack (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/09)

Militants eliminated in Helmand operation: Coalition (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/09)

Blast takes UK Afghan toll to 100 (BBC: 2008/06/09)

Militant Attacks in Afghanistan Kill 5 Policemen (VOA: 2008/06/09)http://www.voanews.com/english/2008-06-09-voa5.cfm

British military: 3 soldiers killed in Afghanistan (AP: 2008/06/09)

Three UK soldiers killed in Helmand (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/09)

3 British Soldiers Killed in Suicide Attack in Afghanistan (VOA: 2008/06/08)

Pajhwok's freelance reporter shot dead in Helmand (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/08)

Taliban kill four security guards in Ghazni (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/08)

NATO forces fire cruise missiles in Zadran (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/08)

16 Taliban fighters killed in Farah operation (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/08)

District chief among five killed by Taliban (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/08)

Border-crossing points handed over to ABP (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/08)

Three civilians injured in Kunduz suicide bombing (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/08)

Taliban destroy vehicles of foreign troops in Maidan (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/08)

Three US soldiers wounded in Logar roadside blast (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/08)

[5] Pakistan, Afghanistan agree on joint boarder security: official (Islamic Republic New Agency: 2008/06/08)

Taliban's threats shrink attendance in schools (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/07)

Guard killed, district chief injured in ambush (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/07)

Girls' school torched in Baghlan (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/07)

Gunmen attack district in Maidan Wardag (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/07)

Several militants killed, detained in Kapisa (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/07)

France seeks curbs on Afghan drug trade (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/07)

Afghan Officials: Coalition Airstrike Kills 32 Militants (VOA: 2008/06/06)

32 Taliban perish in coalition air raid (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/06)

Clarion call for peace talks with dissident groups (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/06)

Three of a family dead in Paktika roadside blast (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/06)

Gunman kills key Afghan adviser in district pacified by Canadian troops (Canadian Press: 2008/06/06)

Pakistan defends militant talks (BBC: 2008/06/06)

New NATO Commander in Afghanistan Worried About Pakistani Militants (VOA: 2008/06/05)

[6] US backs talks with some Afghan rebels: ambassador (AFP: 2008/06/05)

US-led forces bomb miscreants planting bombs (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/05)

Militants killed in Helmand, claims coalition (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/05)

Indian engineer, two US-led soldiers die in Afghanistan (AFP: 2008/06/05)

Nine Taliban killed in Afghanistan: police (AFP: 2008/06/05)

10 insurgents perish in Zabul, two in Logar (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/05)

Suicide blast hits Afghan town, four wounded: police (AFP: 2008/06/05)

Qalat suicide blast injures five civilians (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/05)

ISAF, ANA repel Taliban attack in Kunar (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/05)

US-Led Coalition Kills 12 Insurgents in Southern Afghanistan (VOA: 2008/06/04)

Dozen insurgents killed in Afghanistan (AP: 2008/06/04)

NATO commander to revive Pakistan talks (AP: 2008/06/04)

Two dead, 16 injured in new suicide attacks (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/04)

Eight Taliban killed in Uruzgan, car bomb hits Khost (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/04)

Eight insurgents detained in Coalition operations (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/04)

Child killed in Afghan bomb attack (Al Jazeera: 2008/06/04)

Suicide attack on NATO kills 2 Afghan children (REUTERS: 2008/06/04)

U.S.-led military kills dozen insurgents, detains 2 in Afghanistan (People's Daily: 2008/06/04)

Kabulaaa Militants assassinate local intelligence chief in E Afghanistan (People's Daily: 2008/06/04)

14 dead in Kurram, Quetta explosions (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/03)

Five militants planting bombs killed in US airstrike (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/03)

Afghanistan disbands 300 armed groups (AFP: 2008/06/03)

German defence minister sees ISAF troops in Afghanistan for years (Earth Times: 2008/06/03)

US general takes over NATO command in Afghanistan (AP: 2008/06/03)

New US general takes command of Afghan NATO force (REUTERS: 2008/06/03)

General McKiernan assumes command of ISAF (ISAF: 2008/06/03)

【内戦・治安に関する参考レポート】

Security Council Report: Update Report on Afghanistan (Number 2) (UN Security Council: 2008/06/09)

FACTBOX-Breakdown of troop numbers in Afghanistan (REUTERS: 2008/06/10)

[8] FACTBOX-Security developments in Afghanistan (REUTERS: 2008/06/10)

[8] FACTBOX-Security developments in Afghanistan (REUTERS: 2008/06/09)

[8] FACTBOX-Security developments in Afghanistan (REUTERS: 2008/06/08)

[8] FACTBOX-Security developments in Afghanistan (REUTERS: 2008/06/07)

[8] FACTBOX-Security developments in Afghanistan (REUTERS: 2008/06/05)

国連PKO 60周年記念セミナー (2008/06/05)

Ahmed Rashid's 'Descent into Chaos': terrifying

ISAF regional commands & PRT locations (ISAF: 2008/06/03)

Global Peace Index 2008 (Vision of Humanity: 2008/05/20)

Afghan army far from fighting fit (Asia Times Online: 2008/05/09)

Country Reports on Terrorism 2007 (US Department of State: 2008/4/30)

ANSO Quarterly Data Report

【難民・国内避難民に関する関連ニュース】

Pakistan assures phased repatriation of refugees (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/11)

Pakistani police arrest 160 illegal Afghans (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/07)

Afghan refugees struggle to find a home (REUTERS: 2008/06/06)

[9] Instability delaying return, say Afghan weavers in Balochistan (UNHCR: 2008/06/04)

Afghan Civilians Driven From Garmsir by Fighting (Institute for War & Peace Reporting: 2008/06/04)

Afghan Refugees Return Home to Uncertain Future (VOA: 2008/06/02)

Jalozai camp closed, returnees face difficulties at home (IRIN News: 2008/06/02)

More than 120,000 Afghan refugees home this year: UN (AFP: 2008/06/01)

【民生・援助に関する関連ニュース】

[12] アフガン支援、新たに580億円 政府方針 (朝日新聞: 2008/06/11)

[12] 政府、アフガン復興支援に5・5億ドルの追加支援表明へ (読売新聞: 2008/06/11)

[11] Government of Canada Sets Future Course for Engagement in Afghanistan (Government of Canada: 2008/06/10)

[11] Ottawa boosting aid to Afghanistan by $550 million (CBC News: 2008/06/10)

[11] Canada says boosting and refocusing Afghan aid (REUTERS: 2008/06/10)

[10] US expected to pledge some $10 billion for Afghans (REUTERS: 2008/06/10)

[10] US Pledges 'Generous' Support for Rebuilding Afghanistan(VOA: 2008/06/10)

World Bank urges Afghan openness (BBC: 2008/06/10)

Effective Public Administration Vital to Deliver Services to Afghan Citizens, says World Bank report (World Bank: 2008/06/10)

No medicine for leishmaniasis in Badakhshan Province (IRIN News: 2008/06/10)

Dam to be Jewel of Afghan Development Project (AP: 2008/06/10)

Afghan aid ineffective, inefficient, watchdog says (REUTERS: 2008/06/09)

[13] FAO wants more investment in agriculture sector (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/09)

[13] Low rainfall affecting agricultural production - FAO (IRIN News: 2008/06/09)

[13] UNAMA Press Conference (UNAMA: 2008/06/09)

Fatima, 11, Afghanistan: "We left school to help feed our family" (IRIN News: 2008/06/09)

Media urged to prioritize mother health issues (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/09)

Afghan census postponed for two years: U.N (REUTERS: 2008/06/08)

GTZ to expend $35m on uplift projects in Uruzgan (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/07)

$30m spent on projects in south, says US mly official (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/07)

Returnee families receive WFP-donated wheat (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/05)

Coordination needed to boost Afghan aid impact: Envoy (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/05)

Afghanistan's natural environment a victim of war: activists (AFP: 2008/06/05)

Japan grants $4.33m for health programmes (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/04)

Population census delayed (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/04)

IMF says donor support key to Afghan economic plan (REUTERS: 2008/06/04)

Fund shortage may shut UN humanitarian air service (IRIN News: 2008/06/04)

[14] Hunger, water scarcity displaces thousands of Afghans (REUTERS: 2008/06/04)

World Bank aid to focus on agriculture revival (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/03)

World Bank Urges Improvements in the Effectiveness of Development Spending in Afghanistan (World Bank: 2008/06/03)

World Bank Managing Director: Improving Governance and Fighting Corruption Key to Sustainable Development (World Bank: 2008/06/03)

EU gives 8.7m funds to Afghanistan (Pak Tribune: 2008/06/03)

Export restrictions, insecurity delay food aid delivery (IRIN News: 2008/06/03)

【民生・援助に関する関連レポート】

Building an effective state - priorities for public administration reform (World Bank: 2008/06)

[15] Hunger's global hotspots: 10 June 2008 (WFP: 2008/06/10)

FACTBOX-Afghanistan's international donors (REUTERS: 2008/06/10)

Annual Meeting of ARTF Donors in Paris - June 5, 2008 (World Bank: 2008/06)

Afghanistan: ICRC activities January ? May 2008 (ICRC: 2008/06/09)

Evaluation: Finnish aid to Afghanistan (Government of Finland: 2008/06/05)

Afghanistan Weekly Climate Forecast (Famine Early Warning System Network: 2008/06/04)

FEWS NET Executive Overview of Food Security (Famine Early Warning System Network: 2008/05/28)

WFP's Operational Priorities (WFP: 2008/05)

Afghanistan Project Status (World Bank: 2008/04)

The Afghanistan Pilot Participatory Assessment (APPPA) Summary Report (ACBAR: 2008/04)

AFGHANISTAN Food Security Alert (USAID Famine Early Warning Systems: 2008/04/24)

【経済に関する関連ニュース】

Mineral resources to be fully utilized: Minister (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/08)

Wolesi Jirga passes petroleum & gas bill (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/04)

China: Afghan Investment Reveals Larger Strategy (RadioFreeEurope: 2008/05/29)


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