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2008/7/2版

2008年度アフガニスタン事業インターン 塩見 正裕
2008年7月 2日 更新

全般・政治情勢

G8は6/26にアフガニスタンに関する外相共同声明を発表[1]。パリ支援国会合・ANDSの流れを再確認するとともに、治安回復・統治強化・復興に向けて、アフガニスタン政府のコミットメント、UNの役割強化、ISAF/OEF/PRTの役割評価、近隣国の協力等をアピール。アフガニスタン−パキスタン国境地域安定化のため、40億ドルの支援を表明[2]。

米国は1,620億ドルのイラク・アフガン戦費予算を正式承認[3]。

高村外相は6/24にアフガニスタンへの自衛隊派遣は困難との見解を表明[4]。

内戦・治安

米国防総省は6/27にアフガニスタンの治安状況に関する報告書を発表[5]、タリバンの活動活発化を強く懸念。外国籍軍の損害は5月・6月続けて過去最悪を更新[6]。民間人被害も多く、UNは1-6月の民間人被害が前年同期比で62%増加と発表[7]。

パキスタンは6/28から国境部族領域でタリバン掃討作戦を開始[8]、NATO軍とも協働[9]。これを受けて、パキスタン領内タリバン勢力は和平交渉を中断[10]、パキスタン連立政権も米国の圧力により武装勢力との対話路線を当面断念[11]。

相互対立のエスカレーションは留まるところを知らず。武装勢力側はあらためて外国籍軍排撃を宣言[12]。米軍は増派を検討しつつ[13]、国境地帯でのCIAによる独立捜索活動権限をムシャラフ大統領から獲得[14]。NATO軍幹部は増派に加えて、装備の増強と各国部隊の任務制限撤廃を主張[15]。

UNDOCは6/26に発表した"2008 World Drug Report"で、2007年のアフガニスタンにおけるケシ栽培は前年比+17%と6年連続増、世界シェアも92%に達したと報告[16]。

難民・国内避難民

国際機関や地方政府は国内避難民の再定住に向けた支援を強化[17]。一方、米国はパキスタンからの難民帰還がアフガニスタン国内の不安定化につながると懸念[18]。

民生・援助

ホームズ国連事務次長(人道問題担当)がアフガニスタンを訪問、更なる人道支援の必要性を訴える[19]とともに、民軍調整などの問題について現地NGOと意見交換[20]。

米国は、対米輸出関税が免除される経済開発特別区"Reconstruction Opportunity Zones (ROZs)"をアフガニスタン・パキスタン国境地域に設置するための法案を可決[21]。

ニュースソース

全般・政治情勢に関する関連ニュース

EU actions in Afghanistan seen as a test case (New Europe: 2008/06/30)

[3] Bush takes delivery of another $162 billion for wars (Afghanistan News.Net: 2008/06/30)

UNAMA Press Conference (UNAMA: 2008/06/29)

US Senate approves Iraq, Afghanistan war funding (AFP: 2008/06/27)

U.S. Congress passes new Iraq war funds (REUTERS: 2008/06/27)

Rich nations tell Afghanistan, Pakistan to talk (REUTERS: 2008/06/26)

RPT-G8 urges Pakistan to help promote Afghan stability (REUTERS: 2008/06/26)

[2] Afghanistan, Border States to Get $4 Billion in Aid From G-8 (Bloomberg: 2008/06/26)

[2] G8 Pledges $4 Billion for Afghan-Pakistani Border Regions (VOA: 2008/06/26)

G8 ministers to prod Afghanistan to help itself (REUTERS: 2008/06/25)

[4] 「アフガニスタンへの自衛隊派遣は困難」、高村外相 (AFP: 2008/06/24)

全般・政治情勢に関する参考資料・サイト

[1] アフガニスタンに関するG8外相共同声明(骨子)(外務省: 2008/06/26)

[1] アフガニスタンに関するG8外相共同声明(英文)(外務省: 2008/06/26)

International Conference in support of Afghanistan (2008/06/12)

Declaration of the International Conference in Support of Afghanistan

Paris Conference - Fact Sheet

Afghanistan National Development Strategy

Country Strategy Paper - Islamic Republic of Afghanistan - 2007-2013 (European Commission)

Afghanistan: Post-War Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy

内戦・治安に関する関連ニュース

[13] Bush hints at sending more troops to Afghanistan (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/07/02)

Afghan governor survives suicide attack (REUTERS: 2008/07/02)

Nimroz governor survives life attempt (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/07/02)

[12] New armed group vows to fight Afghan, foreign forces (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/07/02)

[14] US has pact allowing it unilateral strikes against Osama in Pak territory (Afghanistan News.Net: 2008/07/02)

[11] US against talks with Pakistan`s Taliban chief: envoy (AFP: 2008/07/02)

[15] NATO forces should drop Afghan 'caveats'-commander (REUTERS: 2008/07/02)

Bomb blast kills three policemen in Afghanistan (Xinhua: 2008/07/02)

Suicide bomber targets Afghan governor, kills 4 (AP: 2008/07/02)

Canadian soldiers among six wounded in suicide blast (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/07/02)

Suicide blast hits foreign forces in Afghanistan (REUTERS: 2008/07/02)

U.S. helicopter shot down as Afghan violence rises (REUTERS: 2008/07/02)

Coalition chopper shot down in Logar (Update) (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/07/02)

Coalition chopper downed in Afghanistan (AP: 2008/07/02)

Pakhtuns called worst sufferers of violence (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/07/02)

Dozens of insurgents eliminated in Khost (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/07/01)

Nine dead in Tirah clash; kill-cleric drive launched (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/07/01)

Four policemen killed, fuel tanker torched (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/07/01)

NATO, Pakistani Troops Kill Taliban On Afghan Border (REUTERS: 2008/07/01)

NATO and Pakistani troops kill militants (Quqnoos: 2008/07/01)

ISAF, Pakistani soldiers kill militants in Khost (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/07/01)

Agreement begins transition of Kabul airport to Afghanistan control (ISAF: 2008/07/01)

[12] Militants vow joint Afghan raids (BBC: 2008/07/01)

Pakistani Troops Destroy Militants' Base in Khyber District (VOA: 2008/07/01)

[9] NATO, Pakistani Troops Fight Militants on Afghan-Pakistani Border (VOA: 2008/07/01)

[9] NATO, Pakistani Troops Coordinate Attacks to Fight Militants on Afghan-Pakistani Border (VOA: 2008/07/01)

Musharraf warns against Nato strike (DAWN: 2008/07/01)

[6] NATO, US forces suffer deadliest month in Afghanistan: figures (AFP: 2008/07/01)

[6] Foreign forces' worst Afghan toll (BBC: 2008/07/01)

[6] U.S. deaths up in Afghanistan (AP: 2008/07/01)

[6] More US, NATO Troops Die in Afghanistan in June than in Iraq (VOA: 2008/07/01)

Coalition Troops in Afghanistan Kill 34 Militants, Capture Four (American Forces Press Service: 2008/07/01)

NATO, Pakistan troops kill Taliban on Afghan border (REUTERS: 2008/07/01)

US-led troops in Afghan battle (Al Jazeera: 2008/07/01)

Security round-up: US-led troops kill 33 rebels (Quqnoos: 2008/07/01)

Coalition: 33 militants killed in Afghanistan (AP: 2008/07/01)

Afghan battles leave over 13 Taliban insurgents dead, injured (People's Daily: 2008/07/01)

NATO, Pakistani forces kill militants on Afghan border: ISAF (AFP: 2008/07/01)

Taliban kill 13 policemen, officials say (Quqnoos: 2008/07/01)

Germany deploys fighting troops for first time (Quqnoos: 2008/07/01)

Afghan Government Welcomes Pakistan's Border Moves Against Militants (AFP: 2008/07/01)

Pakistani Troops Seek To Counter Taliban Threat To Peshawar (RadioFreeEurope: 2008/06/30)

Pakistan Faces Domestic, International Pressure Over Militants (VOA: 2008/06/30)

Oil tanker set ablaze; government servant killed (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/30)

US officials regret talks with militants (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/30)

45 killed in fresh Afghan violence (AFP: 2008/06/30)

28 Taliban, Six Civilians Killed In U.S. Raid (RadioFreeEurope: 2008/06/30)

Afghan Officials: US-Led Troops Kill Militants, Civilians (VOA: 2008/06/30)

Ten civilians, dozens of Taliban dead in fresh Afghan violence (Earth Times: 2008/06/30)

Paktia explosions leave four civilians dead (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/30)

16 dead in Bara, Kurram attacks (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/30)

Militants killed, detained in Nimroz operation (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/30)

28 militants are killed in southern Afghanistan (AP: 2008/06/30)

Eight dead in Bara missile strike (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/30)

Deadly blast in Pakistan's Khyber (Al Jazeera: 2008/06/30)

Blast in Pakistan's Khyber region kills seven (REUTERS: 2008/06/30)

Explosion at militant compound in Pakistan (AP: 2008/06/30)

Six dead as Pakistani forces destroy militant house (AFP: 2008/06/30)

Afghan governor says civilians killed in U.S raid (AFP: 2008/06/30)

Mullah Omar wears shades, has trimmed beard, lives in Pakistan: ex-follower (Canadian Press: 2008/06/30)

[7] UN: civilian death-toll soars by almost two-thirds (Quqnoos: 2008/06/30)

[7] UN official: Afghan civilian deaths up 60 percent (AP: 2008/06/29)

[7] UN Official: Civilian Deaths in Afghanistan Up 60 Percent This Year (VOA: 2008/06/29)

No Afghan peace while Taliban have sanctuary - NATO (REUTERS: 2008/06/29)

Taliban can't expand insurgency: NATO (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/29)

15 perish as rival militant groups clash in Tirah (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/29)

Taliban claim killing eight foreign troops (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/29)

Ghazni governor escapes attempt on life (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/29)

Five dead in Swat; Bara operation widens (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/29)

11 policemen dead in Taliban attacks (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/29)

Soldier dies in Afghan mine blast (BBC: 2008/06/29)

British soldier among 23 killed in Afghan unrest (AP: 2008/06/29)

British soldier killed by mine in Afghanistan (REUTERS: 2008/06/29)

Roadside blast kills ISAF solider (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/29)

REFILE-Flags over Pakistani town signal militant support (REUTERS: 2008/06/29)

[8] Pakistan Takes Steps to End Militant Threat on Afghan Border (VOA: 2008/06/29)

[8] Pakistan presses on with offensive vs. militants (AP: 2008/06/29)

Pakistani secure militant area in Khyber region (REUTERS: 2008/06/29)

Dozens killed in Afghan violence (AFP: 2008/06/28)

Afghan, U.S. troops kill 32 Taliban in clashes (REUTERS: 2008/06/28)

Seven insurgents killed, coalition trooper hurt (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/28)

[10] Pak Taliban end truce with government (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/28)

6 security guards killed in Khost (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/28)

[8] Pakistan Launches Military Operation Against Taliban (RadioFreeEurope: 2008/06/28)

[8] Pakistan Army Moves Against Pro-Taliban Militants (VOA: 2008/06/28)

[8] Pakistan launches strike at Taliban hideouts (AP: 2008/06/28)

[8] Operation launched in Khyber Agency (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/28)

Indian road worker killed in Takhar accident (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/28)

Taliban knocking on the gates of Peshawar (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/28)

Tribal elder gunned down in Helmand (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/28)

British soldier killed in Afghanistan (REUTERS: 2008/06/28)

[5] U.S. says Taliban attacks may rise this year (REUTERS: 2008/06/28)

[5] Taliban likely to step up attacks in Afghanistan (AP: 2008/06/27)

[5] Taleban 'to boost Afghan attacks' (BBC: 2008/06/27)

[5] Pentagon Calls Taliban 'Resilient,' Says Afghan Insurgency Will Expand (VOA: 2008/06/27)

[5] Gates concerned over increase in Taliban attack (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/27)

Pakistan fails to pressure Taliban on Afghan border: Gates (AFP: 2008/06/27)

Child killed, 11 injured by missiles fired from Pakistan (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/27)

Afghanistan threaten progress in world drug control: UNODC (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/27)

Ban urges Afghanistan, Pakistan to cooperate (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/27)

Four U.S. coalition soldiers dead in Afghan attacks (REUTERS: 2008/06/27)

Taliban bring vigilante law to Pakistan's Peshawar (REUTERS: 2008/06/27)

Islamabad, ISAF to reactivate tripartite commission (DAWN: 2008/06/27)

Afghanistan exports 93 per cent opiates via Pakistan (Asian News International: 2008/06/27)

Four dead in Afghan patrol attack (BBC: 2008/06/26)

Three U.S.-led soldiers, Afghan interpreter, killed (REUTERS: 2008/06/27)

Afghan attack kills 3 US coalition members (AP: 2008/06/27)

Militant Attack in Afghanistan Kills 3 Foreign Soldiers, 1 Afghan (VOA: 2008/06/26)

Troops in Afghanistan Kill, Capture Enemy Fighters (American Forces Press Service: 2008/06/26)

Narcotics surge aids Afghan, Colombia militants (REUTERS: 2008/06/26)

[16] U.N.: Opium Trade Soars in Afghanistan (Washington Post: 2008/06/26)

Pakistani Taliban torch ski resort, kill three: officials (AFP: 2008/06/26)

Pakistanis "won't allow" attacks into Afghanistan (REUTERS: 2008/06/25)

Gates Calls for Better Security on Pakistan-Afghanistan Border, Welcomes Pakistani Initiative (VOA: 2008/06/26)

Militants destroy two NATO tanks in Wardak (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/26)

Roadside blast kills cop in Helmand (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/26)

Militants killed, detained in southeast (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/26)

Marine deployment a onetime affair: Pentagon (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/26)

Deal with militants should stop violence: US (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/26)

NATO seeks stronger ties with Pakistan - envoy (REUTERS: 2008/06/25)

Pakistan vows to prevent attacks on Afghanistan (AP: 2008/06/25)

内戦・治安に関する参考資料・サイト

FACTBOX-Security developments in Afghanistan (REUTERS: 2008/07/02)

FACTBOX-Security developments in Afghanistan (REUTERS: 2008/06/30)

FACTBOX-Security developments in Afghanistan (REUTERS: 2008/06/29)

FACTBOX-Military deaths in Afghanistan (REUTERS: 2008/06/29)

[5] Report on Progress toward Security and Stability in Afghanistan (US Department of Defence: 2008/06/27)

[5] United States Plan for Sustaining the Afghanistan National Security Forces (US Department of Defence: 2008/06/27)

[16] 2008 World Drug Report (UNDOC: 2008/06/26)

AFGHANISTAN SECURITY: U.S. Efforts to Develop Capable Afghan Police Forces Face Challenges and Need a Coordinated, Detailed Plan to Help Ensure Accountability (Government Accountability Office: 2008/06/18)

AFGHANISTAN SECURITY: Further Congressional Action May Be Needed to Ensure Completion of a Detailed Plan to Develop and Sustain Capable Afghan National Security Forces (Government Accountability Office: 2008/06/18)

Independent study published on Afghan perceptions of security and development in Uruzgan and Paktia (CARE International UK: 2008/06/11)

Security Council Report: Update Report on Afghanistan (Number 2) (UN Security Council: 2008/06/09)

ISAF regional commands & PRT locations (ISAF: 2008/06/03)

Global Peace Index 2008 (Vision of Humanity: 2008/05/20)

American War and Military Operations Casualties: Lists and Statistics (CRS Report for Congress: 2008/05/14)

Country Reports on Terrorism 2007 (US State Department: 2008/4/30)

ANSO Quarterly Data Report

難民・国内避難民に関する関連ニュース

Japan donates $2.7m for Afghans refugees in Pakistan (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/07/01)

[18] US opposes refugee repatriation (DAWN: 2008/06/29)

THE U.A.E. Afghan nationals asked to acquire proper documents (Khaleej Times Online: 2008/06/29)

[17] Aid promise prompts IDPs to return (IRIN News: 2008/06/26)

Afghan assisted returns to continue (Government of Pakistan: 2008/06/26)

856 thousand Afghan refugees returned home from Iran (Islamic Republic News Agency: 2008/06/25)

Vaccines for refugees under UNHCR-UNICEF agreement (UNHCR: 2008/06/23)

Stream of deportees from Iran continues (IRIN News: 2008/06/23)

Iran adamant in forcing out Afghan refugees (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/22)

Returnees may become refugees again - ministry (IRIN News: 2008/06/19)

Insecurity, uncertainty stop return of Afghan refugees (IRIN News: 2008/06/19)

Karzai orders immediate relief for Arghandab IDPs (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/19)

難民・国内避難民に関する参考資料・サイト

Return in Dignity, Return to What?: Review of the Voluntary Return Programme to Afghanistan (CHR. Michelsen Institute: 2008/06/19)

2007 Global Trends: Refugees, Asylum-seekers, Returnees, Internally Displaced and Stateless Persons (UNHCR: 2008/06)

民生・援助に関する関連ニュース

Body set up to insure transparency in projects (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/07/02)

Afghanistan suffers under food crisis (Pak Tribune: 2008/07/02)

[19] U.N. Warns of Food and Security Crises in Afghanistan (New York Times: 2008/07/02)

Canada to give Afghans $10m food aid (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/07/02)

[20] Aid agencies welcome UN attention to the humanitarian crisis in Afghanistan (CARE; International Rescue Committee (IRC); Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC); Save the Children Alliance: 2008/07/01)

Work on water-supply scheme gets under way (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/07/01)

IARCSC head quits - thanks to graft culture (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/07/01)

[19] UN calls for new humanitarian effort in Afghanistan (International Herald Tribune: 2008/07/01)

[19] Afghanistan needs new humanitarian effort: UN aid chief (AFP: 2008/07/01)

[19] Highlights of press conference by Under-Secretary-General John Holmes on mission to Afghanistan (Relief Web: 2008/07/01)

Afghanistan Strives to Register All Newborns (National Public Radio: 2008/07/01)

23 schools, three seminaries set up in Nangarhar (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/30)

Three uplift projects executed in Laghman (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/30)

More than 5m children face abuse - ministry (Quqnoos: 2008/06/30)

[19] Humanitarian situation "deteriorating" - Holmes (IRIN News: 2008/06/30)

[21] State Dept concerned at provisions of ROZs bill (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/29)

[19] INTERVIEW-Worsening Afghan security hurts humanitarian effort (REUTERS: 2008/06/29)

[19] Afghan situation worsening, UN relief chief says, urging new approach (UN News Service: 2008/06/29)

[19] UN relief chief meets with tribal elders and provincial officials in Afghanistan (UN News Service: 2008/06/28)

50-km road to be rebuilt in Samangan (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/28)

[21] Afghan Pak security enhancement act introduced (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/28)

Afghanistan ranks 172 in corruption index (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/27)

Dam construction begins in Helmand (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/26)

Flour, sugar and gas prices down in Kabul market (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/26)

Uplift projects completed in Jawzjan, Sar-i-Pul (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/26)

Canada hopes investment brings order to anarchic Kandahar (Canwest News Service: 2008/06/25)

UN urges better protection for women in fight against torture (UN News Service: 2008/06/25)

'US troops cut water supply to Bagramis' (Quqnoos: 2008/06/25)

Juvenile justice system lacks resources (IRIN News: 2008/06/25)

Drought-struck Ghoris forced to eat grass (Quqnoos: 2008/06/24)

Clashes' zone near Kandahar to get emergency relief aid (IRIN News: 2008/06/24)

Civil-Military Operations Center Opens in Afghanistan (ISAF: 2008/06/24)

民生・援助に関する参考資料・サイト

FAO Desert Locust Bulletin No. 357 (FAO: 2008/07/02)

The World Bank in Afghanistan: Country update (World Bank: 2008/07/02)

Hunger's global hotspots (WFP: 2008/07/01)

Catastrophic drought looms in Afghanistan: Welthungerhilfe plans long-term support (Welthungerhilfe: 2008/07/01)

The Global Corruption Report 2008 (Transparency International: 2008/06)

Afghanistan Weekly Climate Forecast (Famine Early Warning System Network: 2008/06/26)

Justice for children: The situation of children in conflict with the law in Afghanistan (UNICEF: 2008/06/25)

How the water flows: A typology of irrigation systems in Afghanistan (Afghanistan Research and Evaluation Unit: 2008/06/23)

Afghanistan: Bringing Accountability Back In (Integrity Watch Afghanistan: 2008/06/19)

Strategic Agility for 21st Century Challenges: Interagency Lessons from Provincial Reconstruction Teams (Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS): 2008/06/19)

Canada's Engagement In Afghanistan - Setting A Course To 2011 (Government of Canada: 2008/06/16)

Crop monitoring in Central Asia: Apr-May 2008 (European Commission: 2008/06/12)

FACTBOX-Donors' aid pledges for Afghanistan (REUTERS: 2008/06/12)

WFP's Operational Requirements, Shortfalls and Priorities for 2008 (WFP: 2008/06/11)

Building an effective state - priorities for public administration reform (World Bank: 2008/06)

FACTBOX-Afghanistan's international donors (REUTERS: 2008/06/10)

Annual Meeting of ARTF Donors in Paris - June 5, 2008 (World Bank: 2008/06)

Afghanistan: ICRC activities January - May 2008 (ICRC: 2008/06/09)

Evaluation: Finnish aid to Afghanistan (Government of Finland: 2008/06/05)

FEWS NET Executive Overview of Food Security (Famine Early Warning System Network: 2008/05/28)

The Afghanistan Pilot Participatory Assessment (APPPA) Summary Report (ACBAR: 2008/04)

USAID Famine Early Warning Systems Network: Afghanistan

経済に関する関連ニュース

Britain gives AICF $60m (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/30)

Afghanistan and Iraq are all about energy (Gulf Times: 2008/06/24)

Afghanistan's new front: natural gas (Globe and Mail: 2008/06/20)


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