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2008/6/18版

2008年度アフガニスタン事業インターン 塩見 正裕
2008年6月19日 更新

全般・政治情勢

6/12のパリ支援国会合[1]は、各国から総額約210億ドルの支援コミットを得て閉幕した[2]が、アフガニスタン国家開発戦略(ANDS)[3]の実現に向けては、アフガニスタン・国際社会の双方共に課題が山積。

日本は自衛隊派遣検討のための調査団を派遣中[4]だが、6/17の記者会見で福田首相は(将来の含みを残しつつも)陸上部隊の即時派遣を否定[5]。

内戦・治安

部族地域国境地帯での米軍機によるパキスタン軍爆撃(6/11)[6]や、パキスタン領内の武装勢力の越境テロに関するカルザイ大統領の越境反撃警告(6/15)[7]により、米・アフガニスタン−パキスタン間が緊迫。

国内では、6/13のカンダハル刑務所襲撃[8]や、それに続くカンダハル近郊アルガンダブ地区への進出・戦闘[9]など、南部地域でタリバンの活動が活発。米・NATO軍との戦闘が激化する中、パクティカ州での民間人死傷およびそれに関する抗議活動[10]や、カンダハル周辺での住民避難[11]など、民間への被害も拡大。

既報のとおり、武装勢力との政治的和解の動きも出つつある[12]が、HIAは政府との接触や交渉をあらためて否定[13]。部族地域の一部でもパキスタン政府との和解交渉から一旦離脱する動きも[14]。

難民・国内避難民

UNHCRは2007年版ステータス・リポートにおいて、アフガニスタンやイラク等における紛争の結果、2年連続で難民・国内避難民数が増加したと報告[15]。

民生・援助

6/12のパリ支援国会合では計65カ国が参加、200億ドル余の支援を表明[16]。

食糧価格の高騰と食糧不足は相変わらず[17]。

アフガニスタンのみならず中央アジア一帯で、高温による早期雪融けと平年を下回る降水により水不足を懸念[18]。穀物生産も厳しい見通し[19]。

ニュースソース

全般・政治情勢に関する関連ニュース

[5] Japan PM says no plans to send more troops to Afghanistan (AFP: 2008/06/17)

UNAMA Press Conference (UNAMA: 2008/06/16)

Security Council welcomes renewed commitment to rebuild Afghanistan (UNAMA: 2008/06/16)

SECURITY COUNCIL PRESS STATEMENT ON AFGHANISTAN (UN Security Council: 2008/06/16)

Khalilzad says he is not in run for Afghan presidency (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/14)

Bush says West must stand with Afghanistan (AP: 2008/06/14)

More than money needed for war against terror (AP: 2008/06/13)

Success in Afghanistan still fragile: Rice (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/13)

[2] Kabul wins over $20b aid pledges (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/13)

[2] Donors promise $21 billion more for Afghanistan (AP: 2008/06/12)

[2] Donors pledge $20bn in Afghan aid (BBC: 2008/06/12)

[2] Donors pledge $20bn to Afghanistan (Al Jazeera: 2008/0/12)

[2] A look at Afghan conference pledges (AP: 2008/06/12)

Stable, Secure, Prosperous Afghanistan Benefits Entire Global Ccommunity, Says Secretary-General in Remarks to Paris Conference (UN Secretary General: 2008/06/12)

U.S. seeks troops, timeline for Afghan deployment (REUTERS: 2008/06/12)

Afghanistan pleads for $50bn in aid (Al Jazeera: 2008/0/12)

Afghanistan seeks 50 billion dollars at aid conference (AFP: 2008/0/12)

Karzai seeks aid to fund uplift strategy (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/12)

PARIS CONFERENCE: AID EFFECTIVENESS KEY TO ADDRESSING AFGHANISTAN’S REBUILDING CHALLENGES (EURASIANET: 2008/06/12)

Donor Pledges In Paris Unlikely To Pay For Development Plan (RadioFreeEurope: 2008/06/11)

Securing Afghanistan's future (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/11)

Paris meeting should boost Afghan partnership, says UN envoy (UN News Service: 2008/06/10)

Afghanistan to forge "new deal" with international community in Paris (UNAMA: 2008/06/10)

PREVIEW-Conference seeks cash and progress for Afghanistan (REUTERS: 2008/06/10)

[4] Team off to assess SDF Afghan role (Japan Times: 2008/06/10)

U.S. encourages Japan to send troops to Afghanistan (CBC News: 2008/06/10)

全般・政治情勢に関する参考資料・サイト

[1] International Conference in support of Afghanistan (Paris, 12th June 2008)

[1] Declaration of the International Conference in Support of Afghanistan

Paris Conference - Fact Sheet

高村外務大臣のアフガニスタン支援国際会合への出席(外務省)

[3] Afghanistan National Development Strategy

Country Strategy Paper - Islamic Republic of Afghanistan - 2007-2013 (European Commission)

Afghanistan: Post-War Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy

内戦・治安に関する関連ニュース

[9] Afghans say start anti-Taliban offensive in south (REUTERS: 2008/06/18)

[9] Anti-Taleban offensive launched (BBC: 2008/06/18)

[11] Afghans flee amid fears of battle (BBC: 2008/06/18)

The great Taliban robbery (Daily Star: 2008/06/18)

Roadside mine blast kills 3 guards, injures 3 in S Afghanistan (People's Daily: 2008/06/18)

Taliban plant mines near Kandahar in battle preparation (AP: 2008/06/18)

[9] Canadian troops, militants exchange gunfire in Kandahar (CBC News: 2008/06/17)

Taliban militants destroy bridges in Afghanistan (AP: 2008/06/17)

Taliban prepare for battle outside Kandahar (AP: 2008/06/17)

[9] Taliban takes control of 18 towns in Kandahar, elder says (International Herald Tribune: 2008/06/17)

Officials Downplay News Reports of Taliban Takeover in Southern Afghanistan (VOA: 2008/06/17)

[7] Afghans say they are not planning war with Pakistan (AP: 2008/06/17)

[7] US urges Afghans, Pakistanis to cooperate on border security (AfghanNews.Net: 2008/06/17)

US military deaths in Afghanistan region at 447 (AP: 2008/06/17)

Coalition precision strike targets Taliban in Kapisa (CJTF-101: 2008/06/17)

[14] Pakistan militants 'suspend' deal (BBC: 2008/06/17)

Pakistan to monitor Pak-Afghan border (Xinhua: 2008/06/17)

ISAF forces respond to small-arms fire near Afghanistan-Pakistan border (CJTF-101: 2008/06/17)

15 militants killed in Sangin District (CJTF-101: 2008/06/17)

Kandahar braces for Taliban battle (Al Jazeera: 2008/06/17)

[11] Families Flee Southern Afghan District as Taliban Takes Over Villages (VOA: 2008/06/17)

[11] Families flee Arghandab as Taliban readying for ground battle (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/17)

[11] 'My family were forced to flee' (BBC: 2008/06/17)

[11] Hundreds flee as battle looms in Afghan south (REUTERS: 2008/06/17)

[11] Scores flee as battle looms in Afghan south (REUTERS: 2008/06/17)

[11] Afghans flee amid fears of battle (BBC: 2008/06/17)

Two security guards killed, seven injured in Ghazni (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/17)

[12] Growing Support for Taleban Talks (Institute for War & Peace Reporting: 2008/06/16)

Taleban 'capture Afghan villages' (BBC: 2008/06/16)

Taliban Take Over Villages in Southern Afghanistan (VOA: 2008/06/16)

Taliban fighters take over several Afghan villages (AP: 2008/06/16)

500 Taliban mass after Afghan jail-break, extra troops sent (AFP: 2008/06/16)

Two ANA soldiers wounded in Helmand blast (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/16)

Britain Orders More Troops to Afghanistan (VOA: 2008/06/16)

Britain to boost Afghan force to 8,030 - minister (REUTERS: 2008/06/16)

Dozens of militants said killed in Afghan clashes (REUTERS: 2008/06/16)

[7] Bush says US can calm Afghan-Pakistan border (AP: 2008/06/16)

[7] Pakistan summons Afghan envoy to protest (AP: 2008/06/16)

[7] Afghan President's Comments Highlight Frustration in Kabul and Islamabad (VOA: 2008/06/16)

[7] Kabul's raid threat angers Pakistan (Al Jazeera: 2008/06/16)

[7] Karzai threatens Pakistan raids (Al Jazeera: 2008/06/15)

[7] Karzai Threatens Retaliation Against Taliban In Pakistan (RadioFreeEurope: 2008/06/15)

[7] Karzai threatens to send forces into Pakistan (AP: 2008/06/15)

[7] Afghanistan says attacks into Pakistan justified (AFP: 2008/06/15)

[7] Karzai issues warning to Pakistan (BBC: 2008/06/15)

Taliban attack Ghazni deputy governor (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/15)

Dist police chief surrenders to Taliban in Paktika (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/15)

Three rebels killed, four injured in Ghazni (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/15)

[13] No contact with govt: Hekmatyar (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/15)

More Than 15 Insurgents Killed During Search for Escaped Prisoners in Afghanistan (VOA: 2008/06/15)

Coalition claims killing more than 15 rebels (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/15)

At least 15 killed in Afghanistan during hunt for militants (AFP: 2008/06/15)

More than 15 Taliban killed in Afghan prisoner hunt (REUTERS: 2008/06/15)

ISAF troops established successful presence into Gizab (ISAF: 2008/06/15)

Afghan villagers caught in the middle of conflict (REUTERS: 2008/06/15)

[14] Pro-Taliban Pak rebels walk out of peace parleys (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/15)

A Sober Assessment of Afghanistan (Washington Post: 2008/06/15)

Three Taliban killed in Badghis clash (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/14)

Four coalition soldiers killed in blast (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/14)

Road worker killed in Kunar (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/14)

Police official, six Taliban fighters killed in gun battle (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/14)

Officials claim eliminating five militants in Uruzgan (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/14)

[10] Over a dozen wounded as police fire on protestors (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/14)

[10] NATO operation sparks angry protest in Paktika (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/14)

ISAF soldier dead in Qalat clash with militants (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/14)

Afghan blast kills foreign troops (Al Jazeera: 2008/06/14)

Record Kandahar drug bust comes as rude awakening in hashish heaven (Canadian Press: 2008/06/14)

Match rhetoric with action, Gates tells NATO states (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/14)

[8] Many 'Important' Taliban Among Hundreds Of Prison Escapees(RadioFreeEurope: 2008/06/14)

[8] Manhunt follows Taliban jail attack (Al Jazeera: 2008/06/14)

[8] Afghan official: 870 inmates escaped from prison (AP: 2008/06/14)

[8] Nato concedes Taleban jail blow (BBC: 2008/06/14)

[8] Taleban jail raid frees hundreds (BBC: 2008/06/14)

[8] Hundreds escape in Taliban prison attack (AP: 2008/06/14)

[8] Hundreds flee as Taliban attack jail (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/14)

[8] Prisoners escape after Taliban raid (Al Jazeera: 2008/06/13)

[8] Taliban attack Afghan jail, hundreds escape (REUTERS: 2008/06/13)

[8] Prisoners escape Afghan prison after Taliban attack (REUTERS: 2008/06/13)

Two cops injured in Ghazni explosion (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/13)

Govt. claims killing seven Taliban in Ghazni (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/13)

UK Afghan troops boost expected (BBC: 2008/06/13)

Gates chides Nato on Afghan pledges (Al Jazeera: 2008/06/13)

US urges allies to match Afghan 'rhetoric' with troop action (AFP: 2008/06/13)

NATO seeks to replace Marine Afghan mission (REUTERS: 2008/06/13)

U.S. general questions Pakistan plan for militants (REUTERS: 2008/06/13)

Airstrikes kill 17 militants in Afghanistan (AP: 2008/06/13)

Afghan woman dies in US-led operation (AP: 2008/06/13)

US-led troops kill woman, several militants (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/13)

Militants killed in US-led Afghan operation: officials (AFP: 2008/06/13)

Militants kill five Pakistan tribesmen: official (AFP: 2008/06/13)

Two British soldiers dead in Helmand ambush (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/13)

Suicide blast hits US military convoy (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/13)

[6] Pakistani tribes reach for guns after U.S. attack (REUTERS: 2008/06/13)

[6] Pakistan backs US inquiry offer (BBC: 2008/06/13)

[6] US: Border raid was 'self defence' (Al Jazeera: 2008/06/12)

[6] US defends Afghan border strike (BBC: 2008/06/12)

[6] Pentagon chief regrets any problems from airstrike (AP: 2008/06/12)

60 Taliban killed, wounded in Kunar (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/12)

Militants set on fire water tankers, kill driver (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/12)

Policeman, civilian injured in Khost blasts (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/12)

Taliban claim killing a dozen coalition soldiers (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/12)

Two British soldiers killed in Afghanistan: ministry (AFP: 2008/06/12)

Minister Wants to Raise German Troop Levels in Afghanistan (Deutsche Welle: 2008/06/12)

[10] Four demonstrators wounded in Paktika protest (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/12)

Pro-Taliban chief ready to fight Americans (ADN KRONOS: 2008/06/11)

Pakistan envoy rules out talks with terrorists (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/11)

Afghans seize 'largest drug haul' (BBC: 2008/06/11)

[10] US-led raid kills Afghan civilians (Al Jazeera: 2008/06/11)

[10] 35 civilians killed in Paktika operation (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/11)

[10] Afghan officials: 31 killed in airstrikes (AP: 2008/06/11)

[10] U.S.-led forces say kill 4 Afghan civilians in raid (REUTERS: 2008/06/11)

[6] Pakistan blames US for border raid (Al Jazeera: 2008/06/11)

[6] Pakistan attacks 'cowardly' US raid (Al Jazeera: 2008/06/11)

[6] Pakistan fury at deadly US strike (BBC: 2008/06/11)

[6] Pakistan blames US coalition for troops' death (AP: 2008/06/11)

[6] Coalition raid kills 13 Pak soldiers (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/11)

[6] Ten Pakistani soldiers killed on Afghan border (REUTERS: 2008/06/11)

UN Security Council targets heroin in Afghanistan (AP: 2008/06/11)

Security Council, Concerned at Smuggling of Chemical Compounds in Afghanistan Used to Refine Heroine, Tightens Global, Regional Controls on Their International Trade

内戦・治安に関する参考資料・サイト

Independent study published on Afghan perceptions of security and development in Uruzgan and Paktia (CARE International UK: 2008/06/11)

Security Council Report: Update Report on Afghanistan (Number 2) (UN Security Council: 2008/06/09)

FACTBOX-Military deaths in Afghanistan (REUTERS: 2008/06/13)

FACTBOX-Breakdown of troop numbers in Afghanistan (REUTERS: 2008/06/10)

FACTBOX-Security developments in Afghanistan (REUTERS: 2008/06/13)

FACTBOX-Security developments in Afghanistan (REUTERS: 2008/06/12)

ISAF regional commands & PRT locations (ISAF: 2008/06/03)

Global Peace Index 2008 (Vision of Humanity: 2008/05/20)

American War and Military Operations Casualties: Lists and Statistics (CRS Report for Congress: 2008/05/14)

Afghan army far from fighting fit (Asia Times Online: 2008/05/09)

Country Reports on Terrorism 2007 (US State Department: 2008/4/30)

ANSO Quarterly Data Report

難民・国内避難民に関する関連ニュース

Afghanistan and Iraq drive up global refugee toll (REUTERS: 2008/06/17)

Conflicts in Iraq, Afghanistan Drive Up World Refugee Numbers (VOA: 2008/06/17)

Number of smuggled Afghans rises (BBC: 2008/06/17)

Pakistan assures phased repatriation of refugees (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/11)

Instability delaying return, say Afghan weavers in Balochistan (UNHCR: 2008/06/04)

難民・国内避難民に関する参考資料・サイト

[15] 2007 Global Trends: Refugees, Asylum-seekers, Returnees, Internally Displaced and Stateless Persons (UNHCR: 2008/06)

民生・援助に関する関連ニュース

Little support for victims of child sexual abuse (IRIN News: 2008/06/16)

Construction work on watercourses started (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/15)

Steps on to cut maternal mortality rate (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/15)

[17] Bread still high despite a fall in flour price (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/14)

Wheat distribution to thousands of families starts (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/14)

Chinese prostitutes imported to Afghanistan (AP: 2008/06/14)

Sex trade thrives in Afghanistan (AP: 2008/06/14)

Turkey increases financial assistance to Afghanistan (Hurriyet: 2008/06/13)

775 million euros for security and reconstruction in Afghanistan (Government of the Netherlands: 2008/06/13)

Unfulfilled promises haunt Afghanistan (BBC: 2008/06/13)

Civilians in peril as conflict continues (ICRC: 2008/06/12)

[17] Over 3.5 million at” high risk” of food insecurity - ministry (IRIN News: 2008/06/12)

[18] Water squabbles irrigate tensions in Central Asia (REUTERS: 2008/06/12)

Britain pledges $1.17 billion in Afghan aid (REUTERS: 2008/06/12)

France, AKDF to help Afghan health sector (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/12)

China supports Afghanistan in reconstruction, development (Xinhua: 2008/06/12)

Pakistan pledges $20 million to Afghanistan at Paris moot (Associated Press of Pakistan: 2008/06/12)

WB for graft fight, better revenue collection (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/12)

World Bank provides additional grant support to help Afghanistan improve irrigation infrastructure (World Bank: 2008/06/12)

U.S. and U.K. Announce $60 Million Agriculture Stimulus Program for Afghanistan (USAID: 2008/06/11)

Rebuilding programme calls for US$50 billion (IRIN News: 2008/06/11)

Saudi Arabia provides 300 tons edibles to ARCS (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/11)

NGOs call for improved Afghan aid (Al Jazeera: 2008/06/11)

Germany pledges EUR 420 million in reconstruction aid for Afghanistan (Government of Germany: 2008/06/11)

アフガン支援、新たに580億円 政府方針 (朝日新聞: 2008/06/11)

政府、アフガン復興支援に5・5億ドルの追加支援表明へ (読売新聞: 2008/06/11)

Canada boosts Afghan reconstruction aid (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/11)

Government of Canada Sets Future Course for Engagement in Afghanistan (Government of Canada: 2008/06/10)

Ottawa boosting aid to Afghanistan by $550 million (CBC News: 2008/06/10)

Canada says boosting and refocusing Afghan aid (REUTERS: 2008/06/10)

US expected to pledge some $10 billion for Afghans (REUTERS: 2008/06/10)

US Pledges 'Generous' Support for Rebuilding Afghanistan (VOA: 2008/06/10)

Market, mosque constructed in Nangarhar (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/10)

NGOs underline effective use of foreign aid (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/10)

World Bank urges Afghan openness (BBC: 2008/06/10)

Effective Public Administration Vital to Deliver Services to Afghan Citizens, says World Bank report (World Bank: 2008/06/10)

民生・援助に関する関連資料・サイト

[18] Afghanistan Weekly Climate Forecast (Famine Early Warning System Network: 2008/06/17)

Canada's Engagement In Afghanistan - Setting A Course To 2011 (Government of Canada: 2008/06/16)

[19] Crop monitoring in Central Asia: Apr-May 2008 (European Commission: 2008/06/12)

[16] FACTBOX-Donors' aid pledges for Afghanistan (REUTERS: 2008/06/12)

[17] WFP's Operational Requirements, Shortfalls and Priorities for 2008 (WFP: 2008/06/11)

Building an effective state - priorities for public administration reform (World Bank: 2008/06)

Hunger's global hotspots: 10 June 2008 (WFP: 2008/06/10)

FACTBOX-Afghanistan's international donors (REUTERS: 2008/06/10)

Annual Meeting of ARTF Donors in Paris - June 5, 2008 (World Bank: 2008/06)

Afghanistan: ICRC activities January - May 2008 (ICRC: 2008/06/09)

Evaluation: Finnish aid to Afghanistan (Government of Finland: 2008/06/05)

FEWS NET Executive Overview of Food Security (Famine Early Warning System Network: 2008/05/28)

Afghanistan Project Status (World Bank: 2008/04)

The Afghanistan Pilot Participatory Assessment (APPPA) Summary Report (ACBAR: 2008/04)

Northern Afghanistan drought impact assessment (USAID Famine Early Warning Systems: 2008/04/30)

AFGHANISTAN Food Security Alert (USAID Famine Early Warning Systems: 2008/04/24)

USAID Famine Early Warning Systems Network: Afghanistan

経済に関する関連ニュース

Karzai wants Afghan oil & gas reserves explored (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/14)

The Minister of Rural Rehabilitation and Development signs 67 development project contracts in Kandahar (Ministry of Rural Rehabilitation and Development: 2008/06/12)

Trade pact can help defang Afghan, Pakistan militancy (REUTERS: 2008/06/12)

Mineral resources to be fully utilized: Minister (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/08)


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