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2008/6/4版

2008年度アフガニスタン事業インターン 塩見 正裕
2008年6月 6日 更新

全般・政治情勢

6/12のパリ支援国会合に向けて、6/4に準備会合を開催中。国連特別代表はアフガニスタン政府主導による復興をアピール[1]。

日本政府はアフガニスタンへの追加支援[2]と共に、自衛隊輸送機派遣を検討中[3]。

内戦・治安

パキスタン−タリバン間の和平合意は引き続き進展中[4]。英国防相がこれを歓迎する[5]傍ら、ISAF新司令官(米国人)やアフガニスタン政府は懸念を表明[6]。一方、米政府がアフガニスタン政府による対話路線の後押しに動いているとの情報も[7]。

6/2にUNAMAがDisbandment of Illegal Armed Groups (DIAG)の進捗につき報告[8]。約300グループの武装解除を完了するも、1,800-2,000グループが残っていると推定。また、独国防相はISAF撤退までに5-10年かかるとの見通しを表明[9]。

反政府武装勢力による攻撃は、引き続き後をたたず[10]。

難民・国内避難民

パキスタンNWFPで最大のJalozai難民キャンプが、累計12万人の帰国と共に閉鎖された[11]が、部族抗争・土地不足・治安悪化等により帰還に支障を生じる例も多く、内国避難民化する懸念も[12]。

また、南部の米・NATO軍が作戦活動を行っているHelmand州では多くの難民が発生[13]。

民生・援助

物価高騰による生活窮迫は深刻で、餓死者の例も[14]。緊急食糧援助も、援助車列を狙った攻撃[15]などのため、いまだ対象人口の38%にしか届かず[16]。

世銀は、援助効果改善のためアフガニスタン政府のガバナンス向上を要求[17]。

EUはPRT活動を活発化[18]。

USAID・WFPは、降水不足による穀物収穫量の減少と食糧不足について、引き続き警告中[19]。また、中央アジア一帯でイナゴ害も発生[20]。

ニュースソース

【全般・政治情勢関連ニュース】

[3] SDF eyed for Afghan noncombat operations (Japan Times: 2008/06/03)

[1] U.N. envoy urges 'New Deal' for Afghan aid (REUTERS: 2008/06/02)

[2] Additional Afghan support proposed (Japan Times: 2008/06/01)

Kabul to seek $20b at Paris Conference (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/05/27)

【全般・政治情勢に関する参考レポート】

Country Strategy Paper - Islamic Republic of Afghanistan - 2007-2013 (European Commission)

Afghanistan: Post-War Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy

【内戦・治安関連ニュース】

Two dead, 16 injured in new suicide attacks (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/04)

Eight Taliban killed in Uruzgan, car bomb hits Khost (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/04)

Eight insurgents detained in Coalition operations (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/04)

14 dead in Kurram, Quetta explosions (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/04)

Child killed in Afghan bomb attack (Al Jazeera: 2008/06/04)

Suicide attack on NATO kills 2 Afghan children (REUTERS: 2008/06/04)

Five militants planting bombs killed in US airstrike (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/04)

U.S.-led military kills dozen insurgents, detains 2 in Afghanistan (People's Daily: 2008/06/04)

Kabulaaa Militants assassinate local intelligence chief in E Afghanistan (People's Daily: 2008/06/04)

[8] Afghanistan disbands 300 armed groups (AFP: 2008/06/03)

[9] German defence minister sees ISAF troops in Afghanistan for years (Earth Times: 2008/06/03)

US general takes over NATO command in Afghanistan (AP: 2008/06/03)

New US general takes command of Afghan NATO force (REUTERS: 2008/06/03)

General McKiernan assumes command of ISAF (ISAF: 2008/06/03)

Taliban abducts six Afghan police officers (Afghanistan News.Net: 2008/06/03)

Canadian soldier shot to death in Afghanistan (AFP: 2008/06/03)

Dozens of rebels killed in Afghan strikes: officials (AFP: 2008/06/02)

NATO: 10 militants killed in Afghan battle (AP: 2008/06/02)

Taliban flee U.S. Marines onslaught in Afghanistan (REUTERS: 2008/06/02)

Bomber blown up in Herat suicide attack (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/02)

Three rebels dead in Paktika clash, claim police (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/02)

Marines secure new areas in Helmand: ISAF (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/02)

Marines secure new areas in southern Helmand (ISAF: 2008/06/02)

Coalition says several militants killed (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/02)

55 guerrillas eliminated in Badghis fighting, officials say (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/02)

10 dead in Islamabad blast (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/02)

Two policemen perish in Helmand attacks (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/02)

Taliban wound ISAF troops, damage vehicles (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/02)

[8] UNAMA Press Conference (2008/06/02)

A hundred militants killed in Farah: Interior Ministry (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/01)

Two NATO soldiers, 100 rebels killed in Afghanistan (AFP: 2008/06/01)

Nightly cellphone blackouts costing lives in Afghanistan, critics say (Canadian Press: 2008/06/01)

US troops blow up civilian cars in Jalalabad (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/01)

Two Afghan policemen killed in fresh attacks (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/01)

School blown up, two road workers injured in Logar (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/01)

Woman killed, five wounded in Kabul blast (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/01)

Kabul bomb blast kills woman (Al Jazeera: 2008/06/01)

Kabul attack kills Afghan woman: government (AFP: 2008/06/01)

Scores of Taliban killed in operation - Afghan govt (REUTERS: 2008/06/01)

U.S. offensive in Helmand taking pressure off the Canadians in Kandahar (Canadian Press: 2008/06/01)

[7] Time to talk to the Taliban (Toronto Star: 2008/05/31)

Over 100 rebels killed in Afghan operation - Summary (Earth Times: 2008/05/31)

19 rebels killed, seven policemen injured in Kandahar (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/05/31)

One foreign soldier killed, 5 injured in suicide blasts (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/05/31)

Suicide Bombers Target Military Convoy in Eastern Afghanistan (VOA: 2008/05/31)

One soldier dead and 6 wounded in Afghan suicide blast (REUTERS: 2008/05/31)

Nato troops die in Afghan blast (BBC: 2008/05/31)

Suicide Bomber in Afghanistan Kills U.S. Marine (National Public Radio: 2008/05/31)

Taliban abduct NRC chief in Ghazni (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/05/31)

Four ISAF soldiers injured in suicide car bombing (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/05/31)

Senior insurgent leader killed (ISAF: 2008/05/30)

Afghan town recaptured by security forces (REUTERS: 2008/05/30)

Taliban insurgents capture remote Afghan town (REUTERS: 2008/05/30)

Taliban capture Afghan district: officials (AFP: 2008/05/30)

US-led soldier, several rebels killed in Afghanistan: military (AFP: 2008/05/30)

Suicide bomber attacks US convoy (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/05/30)

Seven including five militants killed (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/05/30)

Several rebels killed, 16 detained in Ghazni (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/05/30)

[6] NATO general sees long fight in Afghanistan (AP: 2008/05/30)

[6] General calls on Pakistan to help with insurgents (AP: 2008/05/30)

Poland to take over security in Afghan province (REUTERS: 2008/05/30)

Suicide blast kills three Afghans, 30 Taliban dead in strike (AP: 2008/05/29)

Suicide bomb kills three Afghan civilians in Kabul (REUTERS: 2008/05/29)

Dozens of Afghan Taleban 'killed' (BBC: 2008/05/29)

NATO urges greater Afghan effort on opium trade (REUTERS: 2008/05/29)

Italy rethinks Afghanistan troop deployment: Berlusconi (AFP: 2008/05/29)

[5] Britain defense sec endorses talks with Taliban (REUTERS: 2008/05/28)

[4] Pakistan: New peace deal with militants (AP: 2008/05/28)

[4] Pakistan militants make new deal (BBC: 2008/05/28)

Two suicide blasts in Afghanistan (REUTERS: 2008/05/28)

Afghan drugs minister expects opium decrease (AFP: 2008/05/28)

ISAF Marines build trust, support in Garmsir (ISAF: 2008/05/28)

[6] Afghanistan concerned over Pakistan talks with militants (AFP: 2008/05/27)

Government, Taliban close to pact in Mohmand (Afghanistan News.Net: 2008/05/27)

【内戦・治安に関する参考レポート】

Ahmed Rashid's 'Descent into Chaos': terrifying

ISAF regional commands & PRT locations (ISAF: 2008/06/03)

[10] FACTBOX-Security developments in Afghanistan (REUTERS: 2008/06/04)

[10] FACTBOX-Security developments in Afghanistan (REUTERS: 2008/06/03)

[10] FACTBOX-Security developments in Afghanistan (REUTERS: 2008/05/31)

[10] FACTBOX-Security developments in Afghanistan (REUTERS: 2008/05/30)

[10] FACTBOX-Security developments in Afghanistan (REUTERS: 2008/05/27)

Global Peace Index 2008 (Vision of Humanity: 2008/05/20)

Afghan army far from fighting fit (Asia Times Online: 2008/05/09)

Country Reports on Terrorism 2007 (US Department of State: 2008/4/30)

ANSO Quarterly Data Report

【難民・国内避難民関連ニュース】

[13] Afghan Civilians Driven From Garmsir by Fighting (Institute for War & Peace Reporting: 2008/06/04)

[12] Afghan Refugees Return Home to Uncertain Future (VOA: 2008/06/02)

[12] Jalozai camp closed, returnees face difficulties at home (IRIN News: 2008/06/02)

[11] More than 120,000 Afghan refugees home this year: UN (AFP: 2008/06/01)

[13] IDPs in Helmand need urgent aid (IRIN News: 2008/06/01)

[11] Biggest Afghan refugee camp closed in NW Pakistan (Xinhua News: 2008/05/30)

【民生・援助関連ニュース】

[17] World Bank in Afghan aid warning (BBC: 2008/06/04)

World Bank aid to focus on agriculture revival (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/03)

[17] Afghan govt must fight graft, help people-World Bank (REUTERS: 2008/06/03)

[17] World Bank Urges Improvements in the Effectiveness of Development Spending in Afghanistan (World Bank: 2008/06/03)

[17] World Bank Managing Director: Improving Governance and Fighting Corruption Key to Sustainable Development (World Bank: 2008/06/03)

[18] EU gives 8.7m funds to Afghanistan (Pak Tribune: 2008/06/03)

[16] Export restrictions, insecurity delay food aid delivery (IRIN News: 2008/06/03)

Progress stems from key Afghan meeting (CJTF-101: 2008/06/03)

[20] Central Asia: Locust invasion worsens region's food woes (RadioFreeEurope: 2008/06/03)

Afghan children paying family debts (Al Jazeera: 2008/06/02)

[18] Italian-led PRT opens bridge in Herat City (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/02)

[18] ISAF Italian-led PRT opens bridge in Herat city (ISAF: 2008/06/02)

[18] EU gives 8.7m to fund provincial governance plan (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/01)

[18] Work on road, health clinic begins in Kunar (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/01)

1000 returnee families receive food aid in Laghman (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/06/01)

Program aims to vaccinate a million Afghanistan children (Canada Sunday: 2008/06/01)

Dying for life in Afghanistan (The Sydney Morning Herald: 2008/06/01)

[18] ISAF French troops inaugurate bridge in Kalakan (ISAF: 2008/05/31)

Afghanistan seeks to revive farming sector addicted to opium (AP: 2008/05/30)

[14] Children starve to death in Samangan (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/05/29)

Afghanistan to build 12 airports in five years (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/05/29)

[14] Fuel, gas prices soar in skittish Kabul market (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/05/29)

[15] Attacks on food convoys continue (IRIN News: 2008/05/28)

[14] Poor hard-hit by soaring food prices (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/05/28)

【民生・援助に関する関連レポート】

[19] Afghanistan Weekly Climate Forecast (Famine Early Warning System Network: 2008/06/04)

[19] FEWS NET Executive Overview of Food Security (Famine Early Warning System Network: 2008/05/28)

[19] Hunger's global hotspots: Afghanistan (WFP: 2008/05/27)

WFP's Operational Priorities (WFP: 2008/05)

Afghanistan Project Status (World Bank: 2008/04)

The Afghanistan Pilot Participatory Assessment (APPPA) Summary Report (ACBAR: 2008/04)

AFGHANISTAN Food Security Alert (USAID Famine Early Warning Systems: 2008/04/24)

【経済関連ニュース】

China: Afghan Investment Reveals Larger Strategy (RadioFreeEurope: 2008/05/29)

Afghanistan, Chinese company sign multi-billion-dollar copper mine deal (Thomson Financials: 2008/05/26)

Contract for Logar copper mine inked in Kabul (Pajhwok Afghan News: 2008/05/25)


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