Program Background

JVC provides emergency support in areas affected by natural disasters and other emergencies. In fiscal year 2019, we supported the residents in Mozambique who suffered from a cyclone and those in Laos who suffered from heavy rain, to restore their lives.

Mozambique – Support for the Damages Caused by a Cyclone

Outline of the Activities

In March 2019, cyclone IDAI hit southern Africa, where over 3 million people were affected and caused what was called the worst damage in the past 20 years. The damage was especially severe on the agricultural production as it hit southern Africa just before the harvest season, and there was concern that food shortage would continue for the mid to long period. Therefore, JVC commenced emergency relief in Mozambique where the damage was particularly severe, providing the first assistance from April to October, and the second assistance from December to March 2020.

Maize field ruined by overflow of mud.

Observed Changes

During the initial relief, we distributed maize which is staple food, vegetables, and farming tools to 400 peasant households in the Sofala Province, central Mozambique, where the damage was the most serious. Our observation conducted in October confirmed that the seeds we had distributed were in good use for restoring people’s lives. In the secondary relief, we provided seeds, small livestock, technical support, and education on nutrition for 200 peasant households in the Manica Province, located next to Sofala, where the post-disaster assistance was insufficient compared to Sofala. Although a flood occurred in early 2020, they sowed the seeds again as it was during the rainy season in summer and managed to recover their livelihood gradually.

Johanna, a mother of five children, gains cash income by selling tomatoes she harvested.

Laos – Support for the Damages Caused by Severe Rainstorm

Outline of the Activities

In August 2019, Laos suffered from a large-scale flood caused by a typhoon and a severe rainstorm. According to the Lao government, it was the largest flood of those caused naturally in the past 40 years, affecting six provinces, 1,600 villages and 546,000 people with 18 deaths and one missing person (IDE-JETRO “Yearbook of Asian Affairs 2020”). The villages in the Savannakhet Province, where we are working, were greatly affected, so JVC distributed a food supply as emergency relief. Then, we provided support for livelihood rehabilitation such as repairing wells and distributing seeds of crops that can be quickly harvested in the dry season.

A house collapsed from the flood.

Observed Changes

We supplied food such as 1,752 kg of rice, salt, canned fish, chili, and drinking water to 379 households in five villages of our project site in the Phin District. With these, the villagers were able to avoid a risk of hunger just after the flood. We also provided seeds of corn, pumpkin, peanuts, cucumber, and seedlings of sweet potato to 185 households in three villages; the villagers were able to get food as a substitute for rice. Moreover, we repaired 11 wells which were ruined after being filled with soil and supported in fixing the houses of four households that were severely damaged.

Villagers receiving seeds of corn, pumpkins, and peanuts.

[Source: JVC Annual Report 2019]

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