Program Background

US economic sanctions against Sudan, which continued for 20 years, has been officially lifted with conditions including resolution of domestic conflicts. This enhanced the opportunity for peace and the situation in South Kordofan state where the conflict between the Sudanese government forces and the anti-government force erupted in 2011 has been stabilized. Both the government and the anti-government rebel declared “unilateral ceasefire” and have extended it since the mid-2016, while peace agreement has not yet been signed. The lives of internally displaced persons (IDPs) have been reconstructed and improved to some extent, however, the most children do not have birth registration which is necessary to receive basic social services including school registration and exemption of medical expenses. They also face challenges in accessing education due to lack of school facilities.

Support to improve living and educational conditions for IDP women and children (Kadugli, South Kordofan State)

Literacy class for women

Women learning in a literacy class. Some classes also have male participants.

We provided literacy classes for IDP women, especially for mothers. We did not only aim to improve their basic reading and writing skills which help them to access to public services, but also to raise awareness about importance of education to encourage the parents to send their children to school. We provided literacy classes at 11 villages in 6 areas, focusing on the IDP areas. The participants learned reading and writing Arabic and simple calculation. They also had the opportunity to discuss issues related to their community and children in class.

[Outcome]

We had 30 to 50 participants in each literacy class. We also arranged a special class where the participants could discuss problems in their community. 73% of the participants (326 out of 447) took the completion exam, which included writing their own name and doing simple calculation. All the participant who took the exam passed and received a completion certificate.

Support of birth registration

A mother and her child do the procedure for birth registration at a temporal office.

We continued support IDPs for birth registration, which we had been tackling since 2016. We held events to give a lecture and show a performance by a drama group to raise awareness about importance of birth registration. Then, we visited each house to interview mothers and supported the procedures of registration for their children. Especially in cases where the father was dead or missing due to the civil war or the child was born between as IDP woman and a soldier who were not married, the procedure becomes much more complicated as they must appear in court. JVC supported mothers in obtaining the registration by coordinating with local administrations and related ministries.

[Outcome]

Children got birth registration.

525 children obtained birth registration. It is expected that birth registration enhances their opportunity to attend school. As there are still many children who do not have birth registration, we will continue supporting registration in other areas of Kadugli.

Extensions and renovations of school buildings

A building of a girls’ primary school has been rehabilitated.

Many schools face severe classroom shortage and over 100 children are crowded into one room in some classrooms. JVC rehabilitated and extended school buildings of primary schools in order to secure educational opportunity for children who newly obtained birth registration. As a shortage of desks and chairs in classrooms is also a serious problem, we provided desks and benches to the classrooms where children sit on stones or the floor.

[Outcome]

We rehabilitated school buildings in two primary schools and built additional classroom buildings in three primary schools. We also provided desks and benches to ten schools so that children can study in a better environment. Some IDPs began returning to their hometown as the social situation is becoming stabilized. Including such areas, we will enhance the learning environment by improving school facilities.

Support of water supply (Kadugli, South Kordofan State)

We have selected primary schools that have no water facility in the neighborhood and installed handpump wells. In order to ensure the maintenance and management of the hand-pump by the community people, we held workshops for water management committees, providing technical training for maintenance and repairs and sharing experiences of management.

[Outcome]

We have installed hand-pump wells in two primary schools, which provide safe water for about 1,600 students and nearby residents of over 50 families. About 25 members of water management committees participated in the technical training and the workshop for operation and management. The participants improved their maintenance skill and established mutual relationships.

[Source: JVC Annual Report 2017]

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