Program Background

South Sudan is a new country that became independent in 2011. A civil war occurred in 2013, which was terminated by a peace agreement signed in 2015. However, civil war recurred when military clashes erupted again in Juba, the capital of South Sudan in July 2016. The civil war became well known in Japan because the Japanese Self Defense Force, which was deployed in Juba at that time. The conflict spread throughout the country. The number of internally displaced persons (IDPs) and refugees drastically increased and about 4 million people, one third of the nation, are forced to live under evacuation. Burning villages and massacres were repeatedly caused by a different ethnic group, and hostile feelings between ethnic groups escalated.

Supporting IDP mothers and children (in the suburb of Juba)

In response to emergency situations, we provided emergency assistance such as food distribution in September 2016.
In 2017, we started supporting IDPs in Mangaten Camp (referred to as “Camp” hereafter) where was in the suburb of Juba and no aid was available from the United Nations and other organizations. Six hundred families lived in the Camp, who evacuated from various places.

Emergency aid of food and daily necessities

We also aided people with wheelbarrows to carry water and harvests.

Since opportunities to gain cash income are limited in the Camp, people were eating wild weeds to avoid starvation. Therefore, we decided to distribute food to the people.

[Outcome]

In April 2017, in cooperation with the local NGO “Caritas Juba”, we distributed 13 tons of maize to 1,500 families in total (about 9 kg per family), including neighboring residents. Food aid started coming from other aid organizations gradually increased, while hygiene conditions got worse in August due to the increase of mosquitos in the rainy season. Therefore, we distributed mosquito nets, soaps, and cooking utensils to about 600 families.

Supporting children in attending school

Children show us their notebooks that they have finally received.

Most of the families’ spending in the Camp is for food, so there are many children who cannot afford school supplies to attend school. We therefore decided to provide school supplies to the children in the Camp.

[Outcome]

From December through January, we distributed school supplies to 800 children including pre-school children in cooperation with two elementary schools in the Camp. More than half of them now go to school, while the rest still cannot attend school.

Supporting women in growing vegetables

Women in the camp carry a bag of maize flour, which they received at a distribution center.

Some women in the Camp said that, “We don’t want to just wait for support to live.” After conducting interviews, we decided to support women in growing vegetables.

[Outcome]

In order to expand their vegetable farms, we distributed farm tools and vegetable seeds to 100 women in March 2018. They planted the seeds in April at the beginning of rainy season, and harvested okra and Jew’s mallow in June. We will start other activities for enhancing their livelihood in 2018.

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