Development of Resettlement Infrastructure and Improvement of the Living Environment

Program Background

The signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement in 2005 ended over 20 years of civil war in Sudan. South Sudan gained independence in 2011, dividing the country in two. However, this separation has not solved the challenges that existed, and the security situation in parts of both countries has continued to be unstable. A large- scale conflict between the Sudanese government and an anti-government group, SPLM/A-N, erupted in June 2011 in South Kordofan. It is estimated that hundreds of thousands of people have fled from the rural areas that have become battlefields.

 

The total number of internally displaced persons (IDPs) who had arrived in Kadugli and Reif Asharqi Localities had reached 70,000 (UNOCHA). Responding to prolonged displacement, our activities aim to develop resettlement infrastructure and improve the living environment of IDPs with an emphasis on the relationships between the IDPs and host communities, face-to face communication with the IDPs, and community participation.

1. Assistance for Making Vegetable Gardens in the Dry Season

A new handpump well JVC istalled.Water is essential for life

Targeting families which have a vegetable garden or were preparing for making one, JVC provided seeds, hand tools, and training. Around 180 IDPs participated in agricultural training. Though there are challenges of watering and other issuess in some villages, almost half of the participants earned cash from selling vegetables apart from their personal consumption. Making vegetable gardens has become a means of livelihood, seeing as many of the families could pay school fees for their children from the cash earned.

2. Supporting the Water Supply

IDP shelter houses

JVC established two new hand-pumps and promoted to set up ‘water management committees’ in ten villages in 2015. Our staff and specialists monitored activities of the committees and provided accounting training, technical training and maintenance tools. As of December 2015, 37 out of the total number of 45 hand-pumps in the ten villages are working and managed by the residents.

3. Provision of one hundred resettlement houses

JVC staff interviews a villager

JVC provided one hundred brick-made houses in the outskirts of Kadugli for the displaced families who wanted to resettle in the area, aiming to reduce friction between the IDPs and their host communities. The most vulnerable families who had stayed in empty spaces and houses in Kadugli Town were selected and moved into the houses. This housing provision significantly improved their living conditions and mitigated the disputes between the IDPs and house/land owners.

(source: “JVC Annual Report – 2015 report”)

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